RIS is a routing data collection platform. It collects data on BGP, the protocol by which traffic is routed between networks on the Internet. By collecting this data, RIS improves our understanding of the global Internet routing system.
The Internet routing system has no built-in security mechanisms, so it’s important to collect data to make this system observable and ultimately more secure. That’s where RIS comes in. By collecting and displaying routing data, RIS lays bare the routing system, exposing malicious actors and allowing operators to identify and address security risks.
RIS also actively participates in the Internet routing system by periodically announcing and retracting Internet resources (using so-called "beacons”) to collect even more data about the routing behaviour of different networks on the Internet.
RIS data can be used on its own and through a number of tools built on top of the data it collects.
RIS employs a globally distributed set of Remote Route Collectors (RRCs), typically located at Internet Exchange Points, to collect and store Internet routing data. Volunteers peer with our RRCs using BGP, and RIS stores the update and withdraw messages it receives from these peering volunteers.
The RRCs used by RIS collect BGP routing data for different networks on the Internet. Our RRCs also function as routing beacons that announce and withdraw a particular Classless Inter Domain Routing (CIDR) prefix at predetermined time intervals. Studying other networks’ responses to these announcements allows us to better understand BGP route propagation.
RIS exists due to networks providing BGP data through peering sessions with our RRCs. Then we collect the data from the RRCs and share it through the tools listed above. In this sense, RIS is a true community effort; operators volunteer to peer with us, and in turn we publish the data we collect to make it easier for operators to observe and respond to routing behaviours. To get an accurate and broad view of routing, we actively approach networks that we think provide the most value for observation.
Explore these files for an archive of all data we collect, stored in MRT format.RIS MRT Files
Monitor BGP messages and detect routing incidents in near-real time with this live feed of RIS data.RIS Live
Access a whois-style interface to prefix-to-ASN mappings based on the latest RIS data, or download these mappings.RISwhois
Use RIPEstat, the RIPE NCC's open data platform for Internet number resources, to conduct registration checks, explore country routing and find abuse contact information.RIPEstat
Detect route hijacks and other routing incidents in near real-time with this software.BGPalerter
Get Internet routing insights from this research project using RIS data to build experimental views.Internet Health Report
Search the Internet routing system with this service to locate different Internet number resources and access network data.Toolkit