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RIPE NCC Quarterly Sanctions Transparency Report (Q2 2024)

RIPE-825
Publication date:
11 Jun 2024
State:
Published
Author(s)
  • RIPE NCC
File(s)
PDF (173.2 KB)

Introduction

This quarterly report provides data on how RIPE NCC members, End Users and legacy resource holders are affected by sanctions, while respecting their confidentiality and privacy.

As an organisation based in the Netherlands, the RIPE NCC must comply with EU sanctions. If we believe that a member or other resource holder is subject to EU sanctions that are applicable to our services, we freeze the registration (not the use) of their resources in the RIPE Database. This means that sanctioned entities cannot acquire further resources or transfer existing ones. However, we do not deregister their resources or terminate their Standard Service Agreement (SSA) if they are RIPE NCC members.

If a member or End User does not cooperate with our checks, we treat them as though they are sanctioned. This is because we have no way to establish otherwise. We have decided to include these members and End Users in this report for transparency.

Sanctions Data

The tables below show any changes since the previous quarter, as well as the total number of resource holders and resources affected. This includes the date of action and what action was taken. The table also shows our relation to a sanctioned entity – whether they are a RIPE NCC member, End User or legacy resource holder. We also specify the country in which the resource holder is legally registered.

Summary of Changes

Since our last report, one member had their non-cooperative status withdrawn.

Four members and four End Users have been identified as subject to EU sanctions that are applicable to our services and therefore their resources were frozen according to our sanctions procedure. The freezing is not necessarily due to new EU sanctions or the addition of names to already existing EU sanction regulations. As can be seen in this and prior Sanctions Transparency Reports, there are still many sanction alerts from our Sanction Screening Tool that are awaiting a conclusion after investigation. These eight members and End Users were identified while prioritising certain cases.

Note that we will not process any requests from an End User or member for new resources or transfer existing ones until a potential sanctions case has been cleared.

Changes Since Last Quarter
Date Action Relation Country IPv4 IPv6 ASNs

15/04/2024

Non-cooperative status withdrawn

Member

IR

1,024

/29

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

Member

IR

2,048

0

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

Member

IR

33,792

/29

2

15/05/2024

Frozen

Member

IR

1,024

/29

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

Member

IR

1,024

0

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

End User

IR

0

0

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

End User

BY

0

0

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

End User

BY

512

0

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

End User

BY

0

0

1

Status on 15 May 2024
Date Action Relation Country IPv4 IPv6 ASNs

01/04/2020

Frozen

Member

IR

17,408

/32

1

01/04/2020

Frozen

Member

SY

230,400

/29

1

16/01/2023

Marked as non-cooperative

Member

IR

1,024

/29

1

07/02/2023

Marked as non-cooperative

Member

IR

9,216

0

1

07/03/2023

Marked as non-cooperative

Member

IR

1,024

/29

1

19/07/2023

Marked as non-cooperative

Member

IR

8,192

/32

1

20/12/2023

Marked as non-cooperative

Member

IR

58,368

/29

1

20/12/2023

Marked as non-cooperative

End User

IR

0

0

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

Member

IR

2,048

0

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

Member

IR

33,792

/29

2

15/05/2024

Frozen

Member

IR

1,024

/29

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

Member

IR

1,024

0

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

End User

IR

0

0

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

End User

BY

0

0

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

End User

BY

512

0

1

15/05/2024

Frozen

End User

BY

0

0

1

Total

-

-

-

364,032

2x/32,6x/29

17

Cases Under Investigation

Alongside the number of resource holders confirmed to be subject to EU sanctions that are applicable to our services, there is a much larger number of potential matches under investigation. These statistics show the wider impact that sanctions are having on the Internet as well as the work needed to contact potential matches and request supporting documentation.

Most of these cases turn out to be false positives. However, because there is no grace period allowed for sanctions compliance, potential matches must be treated as though they are sanctioned until our staff can confirm otherwise. This means that we will not process any requests for new resources or transfer existing ones until a potential sanctions case has been cleared.

Since early 2021, updates to the EU sanctions list have resulted in a total of 1,324 potential cases requiring investigation.

Cases Under Investigation: Status of Cases
Date Total alerts for investigation Not yet started Under investigation Confirmed false positive, not applicable or exempt* Confirmed sanctioned and applicable to RIPE NCC services

20/04/2022

766

362

173

227

4

01/07/2022

843

309

207

323

4

17/10/2022

932

368

184

372

8

02/01/2023

988

384

172

423

9

31/03/2023

1046

411

191

435

9

10/07/2023

1205

456

151

596

2

11/10/2023

1218

410

124

682

2

05/01/2024

1266

385

68

811

2

15/05/2024

1324

414

23

877

10

* "Confirmed false positive" means that the EU sanction alert from the screening software was not related to the entity that is a member or End User. “Not applicable” are cases where the EU sanction alert is confirmed to be related to the member or End User, but the particular EU sanction regulation is not applicable to the RIPE NCC, or the case is not applicable anymore due to closure of the membership or End User relationship. “Exempt” is for cases where the EU sanction alert is confirmed to be related to the member or End User, but the EU sanction regulation has been exempted for Internet resources.

Cases Requiring Investigation: Type of Resource Holder
Date Member End User Inter-RIR transfer Total

20/04/2022

343

420

4

767

01/07/2022

375

464

4

843

17/10/2022

411

517

4

932

02/01/2023

443

540

5

988

31/03/2023

464

577

5

1,046

10/07/2023

519

681

5

1,205

11/10/2023

543

670

5

1,218

05/01/2024

568

693

5

1,266

15/05/2024

587

732

5

1,324

Note: We also check against the Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) sanctions list, which is maintained by the United States Government. While we are under no obligation to comply with US sanctions, they are a factor for banking institutions in the Netherlands.