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List of Arbiters

This list consists of the names of all arbiters appointed by the RIPE NCC Executive Board. Their appointments were approved by the RIPE NCC membership at the RIPE NCC General Meetings in 2001, 2008 and 2010.

RIPE NCC Arbiters, from left: James Hickman, Nick Williams, Olaf Kolkman, Pierre Baume, Jaap Akkerhuis, Ondřej Surý, Keith Mitchell, Kurt Kayser, Conor Dufficy, Wilfried Woeber, Alireza Ghafarallahi (Not pictured: Ronald Duncan, David Kessens)


RIPE NCC Arbiters, from left: James Hickman, Nick Williams, Olaf Kolkman (Resigned), Pierre Baume, Jaap Akkerhuis, Ondrej Surý, Keith Mitchell, Kurt Kayser, Conor Dufficy (Resigned), Wilfried Woeber (Resigned), Alireza Ghafarallahi (Not pictured: David Freedman)


The arbiter named at the top of the list will be designated to undertake the next request for arbitration, unless the parties involved in arbitration have a preference for any other arbiter.

Nick Williams
Kurt Kayser
Jaap Akkerhuis
Keith Mitchell
Alireza Ghafarallahi
David Freedman
Pierre Baume
James Hickman
Ondřej Surý


Biographies

Nick Williams

Country of residence: UK

Organisation or employer: Sleek Networks Ltd

Working languages: English

Contact details

Biography:

Nick Williams (1971) is co-founder and Operations Director of Sleek Networks Ltd, a web hosting provider that specialises in providing high-availability hosting platforms to corporate enterprises, using Global Server Load Balancing (GSLB) technology across multiple data centres in the UK and abroad. Nick studied computing at Humberside University in the early 1990s and then went on to perform a number of Senior IT-related roles in NHS Trusts across the UK. In 1999, he was appointed as Hosting Manager at Demon Internet in London where he was responsible for defining, implementing and supporting the hosting portfolio for SME's and corporate enterprise customers. After a short break travelling Europe, Nick returned to THUS Plc as Sales Engineering Consultant, where he was responsible for defining high-end Hosting & Data Networking solutions for corporate customers. More recently, Nick has written GSLB techniques for the British Computer Society and is one of the founder members of the new Leeds Internet Exchange (IXL Leeds).


Kurt Kayser

Country of residence: Germany

Organisation or employer: Self employed, personal effort

Working languages: German, English

Contact details

Biography:

Kurt Kayser (1968) studied Communications Engineering and Computer Science at the Georg-Simon-Ohm College in Nuremberg. His first encounter with IP was in 1986. From 1990-2005, Kurt was involved in the build-up of large parts of the pan-European Internet infrastructure (Ebone, DE-CIX, INXS, N-IX, ISPs).

He attended numerous RIPE Meetings after 1995 on a regular basis, and he took over the role of Chairman for the RIPE Mbone/Multicast Working Group in 1997. He contributed to DNS-related documents and routing stability tests, has multicast experience, was involved in applications testing and he helped the RIPE NCC with RFC contributions.

After many years of designing backbone networks and datacenters, he currently runs his own business and takes care about security consulting and IP-network optimisation.


Jaap Akkerhuis

Country of residence: The Netherlands

Organisation or employer: NLnet Labs

Working languages: Dutch, English, Some Russian, German and French

Contact details

Biography:

Jaap Akkerhuis (1951) was instrumental in the development of what is now known as the Internet in the early eighties (last century) at the Mathematical Centre (current name: Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica). In 1987 he moved to the US to join the Information Technology Centre at the CMU (Pittsburgh, PA), followed by another two years at Mt. Xinu (Berkeley, CA.) and three years at Bell Laboratories (Murray Hill, NJ). In 1995 he returned to the Netherlands to join NLnet, the first Dutch ISP. In 1999 he joined the Dutch registry (SIDN). In 2004 he left this for his current job at NLnet Labs.

He is a long-time participant in RIPE Meetings and functions as a co-chair of the DNS Working Group. As a participant in IETF meetings, he was co-chair of the PROVREG Working Group. In some of his other functions, he has been part of ICANN and CENTR committees and is currently a member of the ICANN Security and Scalability Advisory Committee. He was also member of the Permanent Stakeholders Group of ENISA and act as an occasional instructor for ISOC courses for TLD registries.


Keith Mitchell

Country of residence: USA

Organisation or employer: Internet Systems Consortium

Working languages: English

Contact details

Biography:

In 2012, Keith set up his own company, SMOTI Enterprises Inc., which contracts and contributes his leadership services to a number of Internet engineering nonprofits, including DNS-OARC and UKNOF. Keith also serves as a board member of Open-IX, and on the Advisory Board of IIX Peering.

From 2008 until 2012, he served as Vice President of Systems Engineering at the Internet Systems Consortium (ISC), where he had responsibility for ISC's infrastructure and open-source software development. This included operation of ISC's F-root, DNS and public benefit hosting network infrastructure. Prior to this at ISC, he managed the OARC programme for DNS operators, returning in 2012 to serve as President of the now-autonomous nonprofit OARC Inc.

Before moving to the US, Keith conceived the UK Network Operators' Forum (UKNOF) in 2005, and has been leading this for its past thirty successful meetings. He has previously been involved in Internet engineering and governance for some 25 years, founding the London Internet Exchange (LINX) in 1994 where he was Executive Chairman until starting up XchangePoint in 2000. He has served as a non-executive Director of Nominet UK, Chairman of the RIPE NCC Executive Board and co-founded the UK's first Internet startup, PIPEX in 1992.


Alireza Ghafarallahi

Country of residence: Iran

Organisation or employer: Telecommunication Infrastructure Company (TIC) of Iran: www.tic.ir

Working languages: Farsi, English

Contact details

Biography:

Alireza Ghafarallahi was born (1974) and raised in Iran. He was trained as a Telecommunications Engineer. He started programming in university and became a firmware programmer for telecommunications devices.

He started working for TIC (the main ISP in Iran) in 1998 as an expert. He attended the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) and Cisco Certified Network Professional classes.

He worked for many ISPs and ISDP companies in Iran as Network Designer and IP Master. In 2006, his company became a member of the RIPE NCC, He attained an MBA (Master of Business Administration) from Sharif University. He is an IP and VoIP expert and plans to become a Cisco Certified Network Expert.

He is a CCNA trainer and adviser for ISPs and ISDPs in Iran for IP and VoIP.


David Freedman

Country of residence: UK

Organisation or employer: Claranet

Working languages: English (Spoken and Written)

Contact details

Biography:

David Freedman (1981) has worked in network engineering for the past 14 years and is currently employed as Group Network Engineering Manager for Claranet, a pan-European Managed Services Provider (MSP) that was established in 1996.

During much of this time, David has been a regular participant at RIPE Meetings and in RIPE Working Group discussions, focusing in recent years on address policy and the deployment and operation of IPv6.

David also participates in the IETF IDR working group and is the co-author of a number of documents relating to BGP4 and IPv6.

David can be found travelling the world attending industry conferences, speaking about IPv6 deployment and its challenges.


Pierre Baume

Country of residence: Sweden

Organisation or employer: Netnod

Email: pierre _at_ baume _dot_ org

Working languages: English, French

Contact Details

Biography:

Pierre was born in France, studied there and earned an Engineer Diploma from ISEP (a Paris-based engineering school focused on electronics and related technologies). Among other positions, he worked as an engineer with IBM (which led to his move to the Netherlands), EUnet (later part of Qwest, then kpnQwest), the RIPE NCC (as a hostmaster), AMS-IX, IMC bv and Netnod (where he is currently employed, leading to his move to Sweden). He has built experience with both beginning and experienced LIRs as well as with an RIR. He has attended many RIPE Meetings since 1998, especially those taking place in Amsterdam.


James Hickman

Country of residence: UK

Organisation or employer: Virtual1 Ltd

Working languages: English

Contact details

Biography:

James Hickman (1972) studied Computing and Informatics at the University of Plymouth before working in various IT roles within the Rail industry. These roles include running transformational projects to deliver multi-million pound HR and Finance systems, though he most fondly remembers trying to get hundreds of shiny new ticket machines and passenger information systems to work within a few feet of 25kV overhead power lines.

In 2000, he joined a mobile internet start-up called OmniSky, running the infrastructure for the European offices and being part of the team to design and build PoPs to provide the service over GPRS.

In 2001, James joined PSINet as a Senior Pre-Sales Consultant. He took over running the team shortly afterwards and built it into a respected part of the business. Under his leadership, many technical functions were drawn into the team. This included responsibility for support and administration, RIPE NCC resource applications and providing advice to customers and partners wishing to become LIRs in their own right. In 2004, Telstra acquired PSINet UK and James was asked to run the combined Pre-Sales Team.

In 2008, he was invited to run a newly-formed complex customer design function and was given responsibility for the architecture of the entire UK network backbone during a challenging time of consolidation and integration of a new data centre.

His current role is as CTO of an international wholesale network aggregator.

James is accredited by British Computer Society (MBCS CITP) and the Engineering Council (CEng).


Ondřej Surý

Country of residence: Czech Republic

Organisation or employer: Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.

Working languages: Czech, English

Contact details

Biography:

Ondřej Surý (1977) is the Director of DNS Engineering at ISC. He moved to ISC from CZ.NIC where, as a Technical Fellow, he was responsible for all things DNS – from the signing .CZ top-level domain to founding and leading the Knot DNS and Knot Resolver projects. Ondřej is heavily involved in the DNS and Internet community – at ICANN, he is one of the seven Recovery Key Share Holders for Root Zone DNSSEC Keys, a member of The Registry Services Technical Evaluation Panel (RSTEP) and a member of Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC). He has also been a co-chair of the IETF DANE Working Group, and he is actively participating in the development of new DNS enhancements in the IETF DNSOP Working Group.

Ondřej is free software enthusiast. As a Debian Developer, he has maintained several Debian packages since 2000 – PHP, MariaDB, Berkeley DB, libjpeg-turbo to name a few and he has also contributed to various open source projects throughout his career.

Ondřej studied Computer Science at Charles University in Prague and obtained Bachelor’s degree in Psychology and Sociology from Masaryk University in Brno.