Re: PI & 1st allocation policy
- Date: Sun, 13 Jul 2003 22:29:21 +0200
On Thu, Jul 10, 2003 at 06:37:28PM +0200, leo vegoda wrote:
> I'd like to re-start discussion of the PI and 1st allocation policy.
> There is now less than two months before RIPE 46 in September. It would
> be nice to be closer to conclusions by then.
> The current policy is that anyone qualifying for an amount of PA space
> qualifies for the same amount of space in PI. Routing may not be
> considered as justification for additional addresses.
Which is (and I agree with Kurtis here) bad as it encourages lying to
make the block bigger and improve routeability likeliness.
> When this policy
> was set there were no initial criteria for qualifying for a PA
> allocation. That meant that as RIPE NCC membership is open to all anyone
> could obtain a /19 of PA by paying a membership fee - even if they only
> justified a /25 and wanted a /24 of PI.
> The minimum allocation size was changed to from a /19 to a /20 in August
> 2000 following research indicting that fewer than them majority of /19
> allocations were not even half used. Then, in November 2001 the
> current initial criteria for receiving an initial IPv4 allocation were
> introduced. These followed a discussion at RIPE 39 and on the
> lir-wg@localhost mailing list.
As Nurani pointed out a while ago, this was done mainly to slow down
the IPv4 address space wastage (due to new LIR immediately getting a
/20, even if they would have been happy forever with a /24).
At that time, I was all for it, but I think it backfired: people that
are "growing into being large enough" are now requesting multiple PI
blocks - start with a /24, fill that, request another /24, fill that,
apply for PA, get PA, inject *3* routes into global table, instead of
These days, I'm far less worried about IPv4 space running out than about
routing table growth - if every new LIR injects one additional prefix,
that's bad enough, but a policy that encourages multiple non-aggregateable
network blocks for an entity like a "LIR + customers" is *bad*.
(Of course startup LIRs could go for a suballocation first, and then
renumber into their own allocation - but from what I hear, many people
really really distrust their upstreams and do not WANT to do anything
with "foreign" address space).
> Almost two years on we see that we have about two years of PI space left
> from the "traditional Class C" space. We also have a situation that can
> make it difficult for new LIRs to obtain an initial IPv4 allocation.
> This puts some LIRs in a difficult position. They need to balance the
> benefits of a single, contiguous network against the costs of
> renumbering from assorted PI assignments for their own and their
> customers networks.
Exactly. As customers usually don't see the need for renumbering,
and it costs money, it's a very slow process (if it happens at all).
> At the same time we can see that only about 20% of LIRs receiving a /20
> allocation have requested a second allocation. This suggests that a /20
> is plenty for the majority of organisations.
> Based on these data, I would like to make a proposal for discussion.
> Please feel free to knock holes in the proposal. I believe it is
> important to explore the issue and so want to make sure that suggestions
> are discussed.
> % ----- Proposal ----- %
> 1. Reduce the minimum allocation size from /20 to /21
Fine with me.
> 2. Remove the requirement to show an immediate need for 25% of the
> address space (a /23 in this case)
Fine with me (see above).
> 3. No longer assign PI (Portable) address space to End Users
> 4. End Users requiring a portable address block could become an LIR and
> a /21 allocation.
I'm a bit worried about that.
It's a useful approach as it means "end customers that want to be *so*
independent from everybody else that they absolutely *need* to burden
their prefix onto the whole world's routers actually have to pay a
yearly fee to get those addresses".
On the other hand, it could be seen as kind of a "cartel" that denies
enterprises' access to the Internet or whatever (Daniel K. is the
chief political worrier for this ;-) ) which might stir up sleeping
(But overall I like this approach. I would have never proposed something
so radical myself, but I *have* come to the opinion that PI is *bad*).
Ah. One thing is missing. What about enterprises that want address
space that doesn't have to be routeable but *needs* to be unique (for
internal/VPN connections, for IXP meshes, and so on)? Do we want to
enforce "become a LIR" on them?
> Finally, I'd like to offer some stats on ASN assignments and IPv4
> allocations and assignments for the first half of 2003. These data might
> be useful in the discussion:
> ASN assignments: 599
> Allocation: 377
> PI Assignments: 408
Between the lines, I read "780 new routes in the global table, but only
600 are really necessary due to 'different routing policy = own AS'".
(But one needs more data to be sure that this is really happening).
Total number of prefixes smaller than registry allocations: 55442 (55636)
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