FAQ: Definitions and Terminology
- What are independent resources?
Independent resources are assignments made directly by the RIPE NCC to an End User, and can be independent of any sponsoring LIR.
Independent resources include:
- Autonomous System Numbers (ASNs)
- IPv4 Provider Independent (PI) address space assignments
- IPv6 Provider Independent (PI) address space assignments
- IPv4 Anycast address space assignments
- IPv6 Anycast address space assignments
- IPv4 Internet Exchange Point (IXP) address space assignments
- IPv6 Internet Exchange Point (IXP) address space assignments
- IPv4 Temporary Provider Independent (PI) address space assignments
- IPv6 Temporary Provider Independent (PI) address space assignments
Please note that as of September 2012, the RIPE NCC can no longer issue IPv4 Provider Independent (PI) or IPv4 Anycast assignments.
- What is a Local Internet Registry (LIR)?
Local Internet Registry (LIR) is a term used to describe the members of the RIPE NCC. They are called LIRs because they are responsible for the distribution of address space and registration of the address space on a local level.
LIRs also ensure that policies and procedures are followed on the local level. Organisations that become LIRs are mainly Internet Service Providers (ISPs) that assign and allocate address space on to their customers, telecom and enterprise organisations, as well as academic institutions. For more information about Local Internet Registries please see the Membership section.
- What is a "sponsoring" LIR?
Any LIR can be described as a "sponsoring" LIR if it facilitates an End User obtaining resources directly from the RIPE NCC. A sponsoring LIR will set up an End User Assignment Agreement with their customer (the End User), and request the resources from the RIPE NCC on their behalf.
As indicated in the End User Assignment Agreement, the sponsoring LIR is responsible for keeping the registration data up to date. This includes helping the End User to update their objects if required, for example, if new contacts need to be added or if the routing policy of the End User changes.
It also includes informing the RIPE NCC if the assignments are no longer required, or if the contract is changed or otherwise terminated.
- What is an End User Assignment Agreement?
The End User Assignment Agreement is a document that meets the requirements as outlined in the Contractual Requirements for Provider Independent Resource Holders in the RIPE NCC Service Region. Such an agreement must be set up between the End User of independent resources and a sponsoring LIR.
This agreement requires that registration of the independent resources be kept up-to-date. The RIPE NCC must be informed of any changes to the contractual arrangement, including if an End User moves to another LIR, or ceases to exist.
At the minimum, an End User Assignment Agreement between an End User ("resource holder") and sponsoring LIR should include:
- That the sponsoring LIR is responsible for liaising with the resource holder to keep registration records up-to-date
- That the resource holder is obliged to provide up-to-date registration data to the LIR and that some or all of this registration data will be published in the RIPE Database
- That none of the Provider Independent resources may be sub-assigned to a third party
- Notice that the resource holder is obliged to pay an annual fee to the LIR for the resources
- A clear statement that the resources will return by default to the RIPE NCC if:
- The resource holder cannot be contacted
- The annual fee to the LIR is not paid
- A clear statement that the use of resources is subject to RIPE policies as published on the RIPE website. These policies may be amended from time to time.
- Should the End User Assignment Agreement be in English?
No, the End User Assignment Agreement may be in your local language.
However, there is an example End User Assignment Agreement available in English, which you can use.
- LIR - Do we need to draw up a new End User Assignment Agreement for each resource, or is one per End User sufficient?
The agreement is between two parties: the sponsoring LIR and the End User. A single agreement can therefore cover several independent resources, as long as the two parties to the agreement remain the same.
Sponsoring LIRs sending requests on behalf of the End User should include a copy of the agreement with each additional resource request. You can upload this document while completing the request form via the LIR Portal
- Why do I need to draw up End User Assignment Agreements with the End Users of independent assignments?
This is required as all RIPE resource policies now refer to the 'Contractual Requirements for Provider Independent Resource Holders in the RIPE NCC Service Region'.
This agreement requires that registration data be kept up to date. Hence it allows the RIPE NCC to keep better track of resource usage by End Users. If the End User moves to another LIR, or ceases to exist, the RIPE NCC will be informed of the contractual changes, and will be able to take appropriate action regarding the resources.
- Am I responsible for registration information in the RIPE Database regarding independent resources assigned to my customers?
Yes. The End User must provide any updates to you, and you must help them update the registration information in the RIPE Database if necessary. This is covered in the End User Assignment Agreement.
- A customer organisation has changed its name. Can I simply update the name in the independent resource objects in the RIPE Database?
No, you will need to contact the RIPE NCC regarding such changes, and you will need to provide legal documents that confirm the name change. This enables the RIPE NCC to ensure that all records are up-to-date.
You can initiate the End User name change procedure by sending a reply to the original request ticket. If you do not have this ticket number available, you can send the request to <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
- End Users - My company needs resources. What are my options?
There are two ways to request Internet number resources. You can request resources through an existing Local Internet Registry (LIR) or you can become an LIR and request resources directly from the RIPE NCC.
If you wish to make assignments for your customers and/or the size of your network will change dramatically over the coming years, becoming an LIR might be a better option.
The RIPE NCC leaves the decision whether or not to become an LIR up to the organisation itself. Any organisation with a legally established office in the RIPE NCC service region can become an LIR. We advise organisations who require their own routable block and are in need of a large amount of addresses (/22) to become an LIR. In other cases, an organisation in need of addresses should first try to acquire address space from an upstream provider to promote the aggregation goals as promoted by the RIPE community. For more information regarding setup as a Local Internet Registry, please visit our membership area.
- I have independent resources. Should I have a maintainer on the objects registered in the RIPE Database?
As outlined in the End User Assignment Agreement, both you and your sponsoring LIR are responsible for keeping the information in the RIPE Database up-to-date. You should decide together with the sponsoring LIR who will update the database objects. Please note that it is possible to have multiple maintainers on a single database object.
- Can a PI assignment be converted into a PA allocation?
Yes. PI assignments can be converted on request to PA allocations. LIRs can email email@example.com to make the request.
In order to be converted, the assignment must be correctly registered with the RIPE NCC to the same legal entity that is registered as an LIR.
IPv4 PI assignments consisting of multiple prefixes can be split on request and then converted into allocations.